A Bloody Sunday in Croke Park: Revenge against the Twelve Apostles

During the Irish War of Independence on November 21, 1920 Croke Park is the scene of a massacre by the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC).

Supported by the British Auxiliary Division – known as the Black and Tans – they enter the ground, shooting indiscriminately into the crowd killing or fatally wounding 14 during a DublinTipperary Gaelic football match.

The dead include 13 spectators and Tipperary’s captain, Michael Hogan. These shootings, on the day, which becomes known as Bloody Sunday, are a reprisal for the assassination of 14 British Intelligence officers, known as the Cairo Gang, earlier that day by the IRA ‘Squad’.

The Squad or the Twelve Apostles is an Irish Republican Army (IRA) unit founded by Michael Collins to counter the British intelligence efforts during the Irish War of Independence, mainly by means of assassination.


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