Birthday of the Unconquered Sun – Sol Invictus!

In Rome, the Winter Solstice is celebrated many centuries before the creation of Christmas. The Romans call their winter holiday Saturnalia, honouring Saturn, the God of Agriculture.

In January, they observe the Kalends of January, which represents the triumph of life over death. The whole season is called Dies Natalis Invicti Solis, the Birthday of the Unconquered Sun.

The festival season is marked by much merrymaking. It is in Rome that the tradition of the Mummers is born. The Mummers are groups of costumed singers and dancers who travel from house to house entertaining their neighbours. From this, the Christmas tradition of caroling is born.

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